Welcome to Breed Basics where each week we will highlight a breed of dog to assist clients in finding the canine companion best suited to their lifestyle. We encourage potential pet owners to responsibly research dog breeds prior to purchase or adoption. If there is a breed you are considering, or are simply curious about, and would like our assistance in your research, please let us know, we would be happy to help!
This week’s featured breed – American Eskimo Dog
The American Eskimo dog is closely related to the white German spitz, which is a type of Nordic breed. The German spitz was brought to America, where their name was changed to American Eskimo dog due to the anti-German emotions of people during World War I. Today, American Eskimo dogs are known to be a separate breed from the German spitz overall, and they are thought to be related to Samoyeds, the Keeshond, the white Pomeranian, and the white Italian spitz as well. They were originally bred to be a multi-purpose working farm dog who is extremely intelligent, agile, has a great desire to please, and has herding instincts as well. They can live to be around 15 years old, if not older, but are prone to hip dysplasia and progressive retinal atrophy. Some can be allergic to fleas, and they are a breed that can put on weight easily if not properly exercised. There are three types of American Eskimo dogs that are recognized: the toy, miniature, and standard sizes. The toys are 9 – 12 inches and weigh 6 – 10 pounds; the miniatures are over 12 inches and up to 15 inches and weigh 10 – 20 pounds; and the standards are over 15 inches and up to 19 inches and weigh 18 – 35 pounds. They are very active inside, so they can live in an apartment or with a small yard, if given a walk daily. Overall, the American Eskimo dog is an affectionate, intelligent, easy to train dog who loves children and can be a great family pet.
Ask us at Animal Central for more information on American Eskimo Dogs or visit: http://www.dogbreedinfo.com/americaneskimo.htm
Dr. George Stroberg, DVM and Staff